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Once he came back to his cell to find a thief taking his things and loading them on a camel. When the camel refused to rise, Macarios returned to his cell and brought a small hoe, said that the camel wanted the hoe also, loaded it on, and kicked the camel telling it to get up. Whenever St Macarios of Alexandria heard of a virtue practiced by any man, he strove to practice it even more fully himself.

When he was already old, he visited the community of St Pachomios in Tabennisi and, without revealing who he was, asked admittance. Shortly thereafter Great Fast began, and Macarios followed such a severe rule of fasting and prayer that many in the brotherhood complained to Pachomios, asking if he had brought this old man to put them to shame.

Markos Eugenikos | Greek theologian |

St Arsenios, who had Palestine as his homeland, was born in AD, the son of devout parents. From childhood, he was consecrated to God and assumed the monastic habit.

He studied in Seleucia, where he also received the dignity of the priesthood. After he had moved from thence to Constantinople, he was appointed Metropolitan of Corfu. He adorned the throne there by his virtue and instruction. When advanced in age, he returned to Constantinople and appeased the unjust rage of Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitos against the leaders of Corfu.

Finally, during his journey back to his see, he fell ill at Corinth and reposed in the Lord about the middle of the tenth century. The great teacher and invincible defender of the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church, St Mark, was the offspring and scion of the imperial city, Constantinople.

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Reared by most pious parents, and instructed in secular and spiritual wisdom, he became pre-eminent in both. He passed through all the degrees of the priesthood, and was finally advanced to the dignity of Archbishop and the lofty throne of the Metropoly of Ephesus. He astounded the papal teachers with the divine wisdom of his words, and was the only one who did not sign the blasphemous decree of that false council.

Mark of Ephesus: His significant presence in the Council of Florence and the new perspectives in the interreligious dialogues At the crossroads of dogmatic unity, this paper will argue with the significant presence of St. Mark was chosen as a proxy by the Patriarch of Alexandria since the latter was captive but in the end he represented all of three Patriarchs of the East Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem.

In a word, he was the appointed spokesman for the Greek side.

This paper deals with the role of St. Mark in and after the Council of Florence and emphasizes in the acceptance of his views, especially in Constantinople. We can only have some views of him through the works of his contemporaries or his disciples like George — Gennadius Scholarius, later the first Patriarch of Constantinople after the fall of the city to the Turks.

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His father was George Eugenicus, a noble deacon and sakellios4 of the Great Church. Mark was originally baptized Manuel and the name Eugenicus states the noble roots of his family. Manuel has as teacher first his father and later on George Gemistus Plethon, a philosopher who also took part in the Council of Florence. In , at the age of 26, after the loss of his father, Manuel decided to become monk under the name Mark, in the island of Antigoni.

Later on, climbing the ecclesiastical offices, he was ordained priest. In the spring of , just before the works of the council begun, the elder bishop of Ephesus Joasaph suddenly died and Mark was appointed at the empty See, after imperial persistence. See also Tsirpanlis N. Magnanimous and willing, but at the same time, strict in the maters of faith. He rested in peace most probably on the 23rd of June, He was buried at the monastery of St.

George of the Mangani and later his relics were transferred at the monastery of Lazarus, in Galata6. Therefore, on November 24, he departed from the capital and travelled to the West, accompanied by Patriarch Joseph II, twenty nine metropolitans and bishops and distinguished laymen scholars, such as George Scholarius, George Gemistos Plethon and George Amiroutzes7. For a more wide biography, see Conticello, C. Brepols , p. See also Tsirpanlis, p. Today we can be sure that he had thought of it as a great opportunity to participate in a council, where mutual recognition would take place and the unity of the Church would be achieved.

After a while, when he understood that all these that he was seeking were not to be present and that the Latins will insist in their views Filioque, Purgatory and their will to subdue the Orthodox Church, he refused to sign the Act of Union and decided to depart to Venice. At that time, Patriarch Joseph II acted and persuaded him to remain. His aim was to preserve the faith alive and integral, as it was given to him through his ancestors.

In the Council of Florence, the Westerners used more or less the Aristotelian syllogism, deep influenced by the Greek ancient philosophy while the Greeks were citing patristic testimonia. The major topics the council had to elucidate and deal with were the following four: a. The removal of the addition of Filioque in the Creed, b. The use of the unleavened bread, c.

The Purgatory and finally d. The Primacy of the Bishop of Rome. Mark was effected from the theology of St. Gregory Palamas, St. Many believe that the Council of Florence took place in order to solve dogmatic issues, like Filioque and Purgatory. If someone look behind the curtain will see that for the four Patriarchates of the East, adding new dogmas means leaving the Orthodox family, working outside the Canons of the Church.

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Basically, it is a matter of primacy and conciliarity. For us, that is the reason why Mark could not accept the upcoming union. The Latins promised him military enforcements, a new crusade and financial aid from the West. Administratively speaking, the whole Orthodox Church signed the Act of Union.

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Mark of Ephesus

Only one hierarch did not sign. It would be superfluous to mention his name: Mark of Ephesus. Syropoulos describes vividly the final meeting of St. Mark with Pope Eugenius IV. Mark appear before him. So, Mark went to appear before the Pope, finding him sitting informally in his own quarters with his cardinals and his bishops, he was uncertain in what way he should express respect to the Pope.